The city of Petra , capital of the Nabataean Arabs, is one of the most famous archaeological sites in the world, it is Located 240 km south of the capital Amman and 120 km north of the red sea town of Aqaba.
Also known as the rose-red city, a name it gets from the wonderful colour of the rock from which many of the city's structures were carved It was once a major trading hub, and today visitors can explore its tombs, temples, and amphitheater.
Petra was founded over 2000 years ago along the ancient trade routes between Arabia, Egypt, and the Mediterranean Sea
The story of Petra begins with a group of Arabian nomads called the Nabataeans (pronounced "Nab-a-tee-ans"). As nomads, they moved from place to place, living off the land and herding camels, sheep, and goats.
Over time, their sharp survival skills and knowledge of the desert helped the Nabataeans become successful traders. They gained control of the important trade routes that moved spices and incense from Arabia to Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.